Although with children who are in stable

my general major is Social Work I have decided to concentrate in working with
children and families. Child, family, social workers aid children and youth as
well as to their parents and caretakers; most of who are in child welfare. They
tend to work with families where there has been abuse, or where there is
serious mental or physical illness. They often assist parents in finding
resources they need so that their children can stay in the home or return to
the home. Sometimes when this is not feasible; they then play a role in finding
the best new placements for the children (Jack 2015). However, social workers don’t
just work with children who are in troubled homes, they also work with children
who are in stable home environments. They respond to children who have been showing
major behavioral issues inside the classroom, and act as a form of counseling to
assist these children on determining what cause them to act out within their school
environment, such as problems at home, bullying, mental and physical health, they
also conduct trainings, make recommendations, and serve on interdisciplinary groups.
Social workers also provide support and therapy to children who have
experienced disturbances, losses, or extra-familial abuse (O’Loughlin 2016).
They work with youth who are experiencing serious problems. Work settings tend to
vary, while some social workers have offices in public elementary or secondary
schools; they may be stationed at one school but have responsibilities at
several others. Other social workers work for governmental organizations,
residential care facilities, adoption agencies or other social service
agencies. Their job duties may also require them to go out into the community.
They may, for example, visit the homes of parents or potential guardians, there
are also times they may be needed to testify in court. Overall, the goal of
social worker that work with children and families, act as a resource for
individuals who may need help, and look out the for the best interest of the
child as well as the parents.

of the administrative principles of social work is respect for the client’s
right to self-determination, and is also a concern for ethics within the workplace
(Parrott 2014). This principle means that the client is ultimately in charge of
making his own decisions and finding resolutions to difficulties, regardless of
whether a social worker agrees with their course of action. A social worker may
provide direction and help clients explore their possibilities, but they may
not allow their own opinions and individual biases to influence the client. However,
social workers can limit a clients’ right to self-determination when, the
social worker’s professional judgement, if the clients’ actions or potential
actions pose a serious, foreseeable, and imminent risk to themselves or others.
This ultimately points to the possibilities that a client may commit suicide or
homicide. This makes the social worker ethically justified in taking steps that
run counter to client self-determination to protect the client or potential
victim (Ferguson 2014). When working with children, who may be places in
undesirable living circumstances, who may be suffering physical abuse, this is
a large concern which leads to the social working in determining to place the
child within the care of the state or a new family, in order to avoid further
harm occurring upon the child. This is a difficult dilemma that is created by
the social worker’s desire to act in the client’s best interest and the need to
respect his right to act in a way that he feels is best.

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the ethical issue of self-determination, the social workers are not allowed to
ignore self-determination, they may limit the idea, meaning to initially
attempting to go with the least intrusive course of action. This includes
approaches that respect and expand on self-determination as much as possible,
without undue risk to the life of the client or other persons (Reamer 2015).
Some alternative that a social worker may consider is: using crisis intervention
strategies, developing a voluntary safety plan with the client, or offering the
client alternatives much like a referral to another mental health professional
for a second opinion, or a physician who can prescribe the appropriate medication
(Parrott 2014). These ideas are used to protect the health and safety of the public
or intended target of a crime, along with protecting and insuring the
well-being of one’s client. The idea that a social worker is to put the safety
of others or their client before the client’s right to self-determination, is a
process used to prevent avoidable crimes that may harm an individual. Being a
social worker requires one to respect clients want to make their own decisions,
but also awareness of when to limit and to go against that right if it causes
concern that the client may commit suicide or homicide. This connects to
children who may be going through issues at home and pose a risk of self-harm,
or if a parent were to give signs that they may pose a threat to themselves or
their children.

common ethical dilemma encountered by both novice and experienced social
workers is the right to confidentiality versus the right to self-determination,
especially in cases of suicidal clients (Reamer 2015). Social workers must
respect a client’s right to privacy and confidentiality, and they may not disclose
information about a client without their prior, written consent. Social workers
must also respect a client’s right to self-determination, that is, his right to
choose his preferred course of action. But in cases of suicidality or the
threat of harm to another person, a social worker is obligated to break
confidentiality to protect her client and the public. As talked about in the
previous paragraph self-determination, is how a client chooses to improve
themselves or their plan in how they will change their circumstances. Whereas,
confidentiality is the social worker not being allowed to speak on the client’s
case, to others. The idea of confidentiality is to protect the client’s personal
information (Parrott 2014). This is important to consider when working with
minors, they often fear that their parents may find about and become upset with
the child. However, a social worker is required by law to report not only to
the parent(s), but to the Department of Social Services, or law enforcement. When
attempting to be a successful and effective social worker one must be able to
recognize and acknowledge the difference between these two concepts. The
inability to do so could lead to misjudgment, and the possibility of a social
worker violating a client’s privacy and damaging the trust built within the
client-to-social worker relationship that has been built.

social workers have their own internal value system and set of morals. Despite
their best efforts to keep their feelings in check and to respect differences,
social workers are often confronted with situations in which their values and
morals conflict with those of their clients (Reamer 2015). For example, a
social worker who holds certain religious or moral values about abortion may
face an ethical dilemma when trying to assist a teen client who becomes
pregnant and wishes to have an abortion. However, a social worker must be able
to be objective when it comes to working with parents to avoid a conflict of interest
(Ferguson 2014). A social may have differing parenting techniques from their client
but they should not allow this to cloud their judgement, on making sure they
are allowing the parent to make their own decisions as long as it doesn’t pose
a negative influence upon the child in the home of the clients.  However, within this field of work there are
also important core social work values; service, social justice, values, human
relationships, and integrity. The primary goal of social work is great public
service through helping individuals through drug dependency, child abuse, and
criminal behaviors. They assist children and families with the correct
resources to improve the home environment of the family that they work with.
The idea of social justice from the standpoint of this specialization, children
and families, is making sure my clients have access to basic services, such as,
welfare, daycare, food stamps, and other forms of assistance that may need to
be provided to them (O’Loughlin 2016). A social worker must value the dignity
and worth of each person, and recognize the importance of human relationships,
and engage with clients in the healing and helping process of children and
families who may be struggling due to a variety of possible factors. Lastly, a
social worker must have integrity and maintain the trust of their clients, as
well as their community.

have a democratic leadership/supervisory style. I think this style can be one
of the most effective when working in groups. However, I also believe
leadership styles can vary depending on the type of group you’re leading. This
leadership style is a very open, ideas move freely amongst the group and are
discussed openly. Everyone is given a seat at the table, and discussion is
relatively free-flowing. The democratic supervisory style means facilitating
the conversation, encouraging people to share their ideas, and then
collaborating all the available information into the best possible decision.
This approach gives the group members a sense of purpose. When group members
feel needed, a productive and successful group can be produced. Like I
mentioned, this leadership style may not be the most appropriate for all types
of groups. This leadership style works best with situations that may change
frequently, are flexible, and don’t require immediate decisions. Democratic
leadership style can bring the best out of an experienced and professional
group. It capitalizes on their skills by letting them share their views. When
working as a team or group, it is important to have the different areas of
expertise presented. In week three we watched a video which starred Scott
Bayliff who focused on the process of supervision. He focuses on what that
should look like. He states that clinical supervision is about direction
support and feedback. He also talks about how important it is that supervision
is on the regular basis. According to Bayliff, some of the things that
supervision include are, evaluation, assessment of performance, solutions for
issues that may arise, and praise when necessary. Bayliff mentions that
clinical supervisors should be modeling what staff would model for clients
(leading by example). Throughout the video he continues to talk about the
purpose of clinical supervision, on the process of supervision, and what is
involved in supervision. I believe that the idea of what makes a successful
leader could apply to numerous administrative tasks that I hope to use in my
supervision model –acting as a channel of communication, acting as an advocate,
as well as monitoring, reviewing, and evaluating work. A good leader makes the
decision in putting others and their needs before their own (selflessness), and
if I as a supervisor were to do that by communicating, advocating or going over
an employees’ progress, it would allow me to be extremely aware of what they
may do or say and knowing that it can have a negative or positive influence on
the workers. I am confident that a major role in making employees feel safe, is
by allowing them to have a voice in certain decisions that can impact them as
well.  I would keep the idea that he made
on what make authority figures and leaders different, and make sure to add in
into my leadership style. As a supervisor, it would be my number one priority
to guarantee that my employees are free from any worries about their safety and
are able to grow within the business. I believe that this supervisory style
would allow me to effectively lead a team and provide an example to employees on
how they should conduct themselves within the world of social work.

In summation, the
role of a social worker within the field of assisting children and families is
to provide these two groups with the resources needed in order to assure that
you are providing them with the best assistance possible. You can find human
services social workers in child welfare agencies, community youth programs,
shelters, or other non-clinical settings. The primary focus of social services
is to help people care for themselves and their children while meeting their
basic needs. Social workers aim to avert or eliminate barriers to
self-sufficiency and restore social functioning. They can labeled as caseworkers,
delinquency prevention counselors, case managers, child advocates, prevention
educators, and many other titles. In social services you may held with the
responsibility of determining the best placement for a child or family of
children. In some cases, you are elected as their legal guardian until they are
reunified or permanently split from their biological parents, as a way to make
sure the child’s best interest are the number one precedence. You will need to
be good at assessing people’s emotions and behaviors. Overall, the idea of assisting
children and families, to help them out of financial, and abusive circumstances,
and maintaining a sense of trust, and always keeping the clients’ best interests
as a priority is what creates a successful social worker. When looking at
ethical issues of self-determination, confidentiality, acceptable moral values,
and lastly an appropriate supervisory and leadership style, is what allows a
social worker to provide exemplary services to children and families. The
ultimate goal is to ensure security within the family and for the child.


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