Activity 1 TOPIC & THEME: WHS TERMINOLOGYHealth and safety representatives Health and safetyrepresentatives are workers selected to represent the health and safety interests of employeeswithin their workgroup for a person conducting a business or undertaking.
OHS Committee’In accordance with Work Health and Safety Act 2011 a health and safety committee (HSC)brings together employees and management to develp and review health and safety policies and procedures for theworkplace.The ‘Act’ The act can be defined a formal decision, law, or the like, by alegislature, ruler, court, or other authority;’Personal Protective Clothing &Equipment (PPE)’Personal protective equipment (PPE)relates to protective clothing, helmets, or another type ofgarments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body frominjury or infection, including physical, electrical, heat, chemicals, andairborne particulate matter.’Hierarchy of controls’ The Hierarchy of Control refers to a list of controlmeasures that can be used to eliminate or minimise exposure to the hazard. ‘Policy’A policy is a course or principle of action that can be proposed by anorganization or an individual.’Procedure’ A procedure referes to a fixed, step-by-step sequence of activities thatcan be followed in the same order to perform a task accurately.’SafetyMAP’ SafetyMAP refers to Safety ManagementAchievement Program and is an audit tool that provides the means toundertake an independent audit and review of an organisation’s health andsafety management system’Potentialdanger’ Potential danger” is considered redundant, because danger isitself a potential source of injury.
TOPIC & THEME: HAZARDS Name the five (5) groups of hazards and provide one (1) example of each Chemicals- fumes, gases, liquids, solids, dust, vaporsand corrosives. Fire- Fire is a risk for your business, no matterwhat type of company you are running. Repetitive UseInjury- This occurs when workers repeat the sameactions throughout the day, such as typing or rolling dough, or washingwindows, they are at risk of repetitive use injury.
ElectricalHazards- People who work directly with electricity, including electricians andengineers, are at risk of injury; personnel who work with electrical equipmentin the office are also at risk of injury. Accidental Fallsand Falling Objects- Employees working at elevated heights, there may be at risk of accidentalfalls. 2.Chemicals may enter the body in one or more than three (3) ways.
Namethe three (3) ways chemicals can enter the body Inhalation (breathing)Skin (or eye) contact.Swallowing (ingestion oreating)Injection. 3. When we talk about Hazards we also talk about exposure to hazards. In this context what does ‘expose’ mean? In this context, expose means there is probability that a person will beharmed or experience an adverse health effect if he/ she is exposed to a hazard. It applies to situations with propertyor equipment loss, or harmful effects on the environment.
TOPIC & THEME: RISK1. Risk is a measurement of two (2) components. Name the two (2)components The event that could occur – the riskThe probability that the event will occur – the likelihood, the impactor consequence of the event if it occurs – the penalty 2. Of course risks and hazards need to be controlled. In WHS the term’Practicable’ is used in the context that the control should be ‘Practicable’Provide an example of a hazard and control thatwould be ‘Practicable’The hazard and thecontrol that should be practicable is noise hazard. For example, in the case ofa noise hazard, temporary measures might require workers to use hearingprotection.
3. Provide an example of a hazard and control that would NOT be’Practicable’In this scenario, some hazards are part of the work processsuch as mechanical hazards, noise or toxic properties of substances .Forexample a production line may have dangerous moving parts, noise, hazards associatedwith manual tasks and psychological hazards due to the pace of work. This kindof hazard and control is not practicable. TOPIC & THEME: WHS MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 1. Name five (5) sections or components of a WHS Management system: a safetyplan;policies andprocedures;training andinduction;monitoring;supervision;and reporting. 2. Two (2) different WHS management systems are discussed and compared inthe student resource.
What are those two (2) systems? Occupational health and safetymanagement systems work health and safety management systems (WHSMS), 3. Which one of those systems answered in Question Two (2) has an ‘InitialLevel’ and an ‘Advanced Level’? Occupational health and safety management systems – InitiallevelWork health and safetymanagement- Advanced Level 4.Which one of those systems is described as an ‘Audit tool’? WHS is an Audit Tool5. There is a common Management phrase used in the student resource todescribe requirements of a WHS management system – but is usually applicable toManagement in general, it has four (4) components. Plan Do Check What is the fourth component? Act TOPIC & THEME: FILL THE MISSING WORD1. Fill the gap in the following sentences with the missing word A Health and Safety Representative is elected by a ____ Designated Work ____ group A system of training where an experienced person is teamed with aninexperienced person so that the inexperienced person can work with and learnfrom the more experienced person is called the _________ system. An ‘Initial Level’ Health and Safety Representative training courseis_____5______ days long.
There are ____5_____ levels in the ‘Hierarchy of Controls’ __Elimination_________ is the first level of the’Hierarchy of Controls’ and is the most favoured method for controlling ahazard A ‘Code of Practice’ is also now known as a ____ compliance codes ______________ code An OHS committee must have at least ___half_______ of its members beingemployees of the business. An OHS committee must meet at least once every _______3_____ months All organisations are legally required to keep ‘Register of inspection_’which must be available to a WorkSafe inspector Employers are obligated to __comply______ with employees when installingnew equipment When discussing the effects of hazardous substances such as cleaningchemicals these effects are often described as Acute or Chronic and Local or___ Systemic effects A WHS policy should be no more than _____5____ page / pages long. TOPIC & THEME: PLANT1.
Hazards are often associated with ‘Plant’ In general terms Plant refers tomachinery, equipment, or tools . Many hazards are associated with such plant,for example: crushing, shearing, entangling, trapping, hitting or abrading, orthrough the uncontrolled release of pressure. Most of these ‘kinetic energy’ or’potential energy’ are related to injuries that are associated with fixedplant; while , a significant number of these injuries are related to poweredequipment and tools in workshop, kitchen, office and garden workplaces 2. Where could you obtain a copy of the ‘Code or Practice’ for plant? This Code of Practice on managing health and safety risksof plant inthe workplace is an approved code of practice under section 274 of the Work Health andSafety Act (the WHS Act 3. Name five (5) ‘Plant’ that you would expect to find in a five star hotelin areas other than the kitchen that may be hazardous · electrical, hydraulic and mechanical power sources· Slippery Bathrooms· Parking Area· stairs· PoolTOPIC & THEME: RETURN TO WORK1.. What are thelegal requirements for employers about this poster? If an employeeis injured at theworkplace, he/she is entitled to make a workers’ compensation claim .
Inaccordance with, these laws theemployer must also take reasonable steps to provide an injured worker with rehabilitationwhile being paid compensation.2. What information would you need to include on an First Aid Incidentform that is completed by the company nurse when first aid is administered to astaff member? Details of the person receiving treatment Surname: Given Names: Date of Birth: Sex: M F Status: Academic Staff: o General Staff: o Student: o Contractor / Employed by Contractor: o Visitor: o Staff / Student: Number: Faculty/School/Division: If staff: Job Title: Continuing: o Casual: o Supervisor: If Contractor or employed by contractor: Name and address of Contractor: If Visitor: Address: Details of the Illness/Injury Date: and Time: am/pm Campus: F G M T W Other Where did the event happen? Be specific, e.g. room and building Witness (if appropriate) History of Illness/Injury_______________________________________________________ Allergies_______________________________________________________________________ Medication______________________________________________________________________