In the novel “The Lord Of The Flies” a plane trying to help young boys escape the war crashed on an island that the world had never seen or touched. The boys have no adult for guidance so their brains turn to a primal state with few people who have a civilized minds. Golding uses many of the characters to display different parts of people’s minds; Id, Ego, and Super-Ego, such as Jack, Simon, and Ralph some of the main characters in the story.
In order to understand what Golding did with the characters one must first know what id ego and super-ego are. First of the three is Id, id is a part of your brain that has been there since birth that controls your survivalistic instincts. In simpler words, it is the part of your brain that will do anything in order to not die without caring how it affects anything or anyone else. The next part of your brain is what is created by society and social obligations, it is called your super-ego. This means the super-ego wants to behave appropriate and if one does something against social regulations inflict feelings such as guilt and shame, simply the super-ego wants one to behave as the most perfect role model. Finally there is the ego, the mediator between the other two that has the most rational. Ego is mainly focused on the actual reality of life and makes the actual decisions for yourself. Normally the ego delays satisfaction however it does not know the concepts of right and wrong, it solely wants to achieve desire.
Id has one job and one only, to make you live. This innate psychological component is extremely well portrayed through Jack in quite a few moments in the story. To begin Jack is depicted as the id because his character is always doing anything he wants with no care for its effects on others. One example is throughout the story Jack is always obsessed with hunting and getting meat for the boys and this led him to fail his task of always keeping the fire lit. Another example is during Jack and Ralph’s argument with the beast, “Bollocks to the rules! We’re strong – we hunt! If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat and beat and beat–!” (84) This further shows his selfishness and carelessness about others.
When you think of ego, you can think of it as your subconscious decision maker. This is the part of your brain that chooses weather to do what you need to survive or what is acceptable socially. Ralph represents this part because in the story he is the leader so he listens to everyone’s input and then decides the final decision in hopes of leading the boys to not being savages. While most boys would have instantly turned to mischief and violence Ralph was able to prolong this by showing them the in between of instinct and their real situation.