1.a. without ordering it by the customer which leads

1.a. Draw a supply
chain diagram for a product of your choice (although not detergent AND not a
product you used in a previous class). Be sure to include the components of all
raw material, packaging, distribution, and sale. You may copy a scan or photo
of your drawing into your assignment document. Product is Cadbury Chocolate______________

1.b. Indicate or describe the Push/Pull Boundary on your supply chain diagram
in question

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1.c. Explain why you put the
Push/Pull Boundary in that location:

In Cadbury
supply chain process, the demand for its product is constant at most. Thus, the
company may choose to stockpile finished products at its distribution centers
to wait for the order that pull them to stores. Manufactures may produce the
product from raw material in advance, especially for the materials whose cost
can increase, so that they will be able to use that in the future. In this
case, the product need to be available for the customer without ordering it by
the customer which leads to the Push/Pull boundary to be in the location after
completing the procurement, manufacturing and replenishment cycles as push
process and customer order cycle as pull process.


2.a If you are WalMart, why do you
care what is going on in the Chemical Manufacturer?

In the
Detergent supply chain Process, the product is passed to the customer through
the Walmart store and the customer comes to the store with the trust between them
and Walmart. So, Walmart have a responsibility to maintain their trust by
giving them quality products only. And if anything is happening in the chemical
manufacturer that can damage their reputation in front of customers, then they
should be informed accordingly. In this way, they should care about what is
happening within the chemical manufacturer.

2.b If you are the Chemical
Manufacturer, why do you care what is going on at WalMart?

As mentioned in the supply chain process of detergent that
the product is distributed to third party stores and Walmart. Also the chemical
manufacturer not only deals with single detergent company but manages
production for other detergent or other product companies also. Thus, the chemical
manufacturer should care how the product is been presented to the customers at
stores and the quality and maintenance of products packaging is taken care of.
Because if the product doesn’t satisfy the customer’s need then it can affect
the image of chemical manufacturer which can damage its reputation to other

3.a Read the article
“10 Supply Chain Gotchas, and How to avoid them”


3.b Using either
tweet format, or in-25-words-or-less format, summarize each of the 10 gotchas
and avoidance strategies described in the article (one combined tweet/25-words
to cover both gotcha and avoidance strategy). Your answers must be complete
sentences, in your own words, and may not incorporate the headings that are
used in the article to introduce each gotcha. Do not use the word gotcha in
your answers, as they are already identified as gotchas.

The 10 most common supply chain mistakes and how to avoid
them are,

1.     Lack of Supply Chain Transparency- There
is no complete end to end visibility of the products during transportation which
can be improved by monitoring each and every step of the product, leads in low
risk and highly efficient for revenue.

2.     Ignoring Supply Chain Data- Data is
been ignored as it can help the organization to analyze transactions, logistics
and costs between involved teams to improve the analytical decisions.

3.     Not Planning for business disruption-
Risk management is one of the major factor within the organization to be
considered, which makes the team to be prepared for the future disruptions.

4.     Choosing too many partners- Unless
you are a big organization, choosing too many partners will only leads you to chaos
and it increases the risk which is to be alleviated. So start with the selected
partners and as the revenue goes up and organization goes bigger, more partners
should be welcomed.

5.     Going too lean- Sometimes, going too
lean in the production system results in shortage of supply as per demand. At some
level, supply lean is a strategical decision in controlling cost, but accessing
minimum amount of inventory is a major risk issue which should be avoided.

6.      Lack of cyber and physical security controls- Sometimes,
the privacy of the organizations data or its products are targeted results to
the disclosure of data. For this, both cyber and physical inventories should be
protected at its best.

7.     Lack of Optimized Business Process-
Before introducing any product to the market, the analysis of situation of
current market demand and steps to enter in the market should be optimized so
that there will be less disruptions to face in the future.

8.     Not aligning application design to
business strategy- The application design which will be used for supply chain
implementation techniques must be aligned with its business strategy. Even the
small feature in the application should be designed to help the management to
monitor the whole supply chain process.

9.     Not creating effective vendor
relationships- Not only the bargain with vendors is important, but to make them
as a part of our team which can help in the supply chain process to be
effective as possible and improve our quality of work.

10.  Operating in silos- It is always
harmful for the industry if they operate in silos, there must be a flow of
information throughout the organization so that every department can work
together and benefit the supply chain process by being more transparent,
collaborated and customer centric.

Choose one of the Gotcha topics for further exploration. Find two
recent (past 2 years) articles that address your topic and write a 400-word
minimum essay about the topic. Do not use a topic that you have used for a
previous course or assignment.

The lack of Transparency:

The two
articles I chose are

1.     What’s your strategy for supply chain
disclosure? ; Marshall Donna; McCarthy Lucy; Winter:2016

Supply Chain
Transparency as a Consumer or Corporate Tool: The Case of Nudie Jeans Co; Niklas
Egles-zanden; Niklas Hansson; Dec-2016


has risen as a focal idea for both open and private organizations. To see how
best to deliberately oversee public Supply Chain data divulgence, it is
imperative that supervisors welcome the various powers and performers driving
and empowering this pattern. Beside inside administration and hazard concerns,
outside weight has originated from government controls, best practices of
companions, and changing desires from notable partner gatherings, for example,
non-governmental organizations. Supply chain transparency have been given
importance as a vital topic of discussion and for this there are two factors
included in it. The first is Traceability, i.e. the tracking of product throughout
the supply chain process from the raw materials to the delivering it to the
customers. Second is Sustainability, where the disclosure of complete audit
reports to the suppliers.

With weights
to build open exposure of supply chain data mounting, key empowering agents and
boundaries will decide the degree to which an organization can adequately react
to the requests. The appropriation of new data and correspondence advancements,
especially in the regions of tracking and tracing. Driven by developing calls for
transparency, firms, for example, Wal-Mart, Tesco, and Kroger are starting to
utilize new innovations to give provenance information to the commercial
center. In time, clients will see simple access to such information as the
standard. Uncovering birthplaces will turn into a fundamental piece of setting
up trust and securing notoriety.

Once an
organization comprehends the weights it countenances to discharge supply chain
information to the public and knows about its information-gathering imperatives
and abilities, it must comprehend the extent of supply chain information
accessible for discharge. We distinguished four basic kinds of supply chain
information that have a tendency to be freely unveiled:

Supply Chain Membership: Releasing information on the
providers that make up the supply chain is particularly critical if providers
are associated with rehearses that are a hazard to the notoriety of an
organization. Publicizing fundamental information inside this classification
will, at least, include giving names of first-level direct providers.

Provenance: Information on the materials utilized
as a part of an item, the source area of the material or fixings, and points of
interest on how the material or fixings were separated and created is winding
up progressively normal. The fact is to guarantee that there are no hurtful or
perilous parts in the completed item and that the materials meet fitting
administrative benchmarks.

Environmental Information: Most corporate obligation reports
incorporate an extensive variety of natural measures, for example, carbon and
vitality utilization levels, water utilize, and levels of waste in the supply

Social Information: Organizations may give subtle
elements on work approaches, human rights, and social effects inside the supply
chain. Information about work approaches may incorporate work hours and
occasions, wages and advantages, working conditions, and wellbeing and security


to recognizing the sorts of information an organization can reveal, the
following test is supporting vital reasoning around the level of supply chain
information revelation. Here is a transparency framework to outline four
ordinary supply chain exposure methodologies: straightforward, secret, distracting,
and withheld. On one hub, organizations can choose the level of supply chain
divulgence they need. On alternate pivot, they can demonstrate their appraisal
of supply chain information


Figure 1/ Supply Chain Transparency Matrix


The steps
organizations should take to guarantee a feasible , excellent supply chain
transparency strategy:

Monitor the pressure for increased supply chain requirements.

Audit current resource base.

Identify the quality of information needs to be disclosed.

The disclosure of supply chain management must be strategic.

The type and level of information to be disclosed should be discussed in

There must be an alignment between the strategy and supply chain
management before disclosure.

Build collaborative relationships.


4.a Describe
three relevant aspects in terms of logistics provided by the article
“Lessons learned from Alexander the Great”

Making changes within the organization as the time proceeds. Thus, making
the behavior of the organization more stable and flexible. If an organization
is adaptable to new changes and new things, it will be more stable during the
risks and different consequences which leads to provide specifics benefits.

Utilization of new business tools and technologies as a method of gaining
competitive advantage against the opponent.  By keep updating our software, tool machines
and technology, we are stepping ahead of others and can reach our goals more
easily than before.

More the ideas, more the chaos. That’s why appointing the tasks to minimum
amount of qualified executives is a lot easier than to give control to the
whole organization. If less people will be involved in strategic planning, they
will be able to argue with ideas more easily and can get the information from the
whole at the same time.

4.b Do you
consider that the factors that allowed Alexander the Great to succeed are
applicable in present time?

Operating with the dearth of supply chain process knowledge,
starting from the origination of raw material up to the finished goods might
affect the risk management efforts in the future. Data is generated every
minute in testing, logistics, transaction, communications etc which is one of
the most valuable asset of the company and should not be ignored. Valid
information should be used to make better business decisions which in turn will
help the organization to generate strategies for data analysis. Companies are
not prepared for the supply chain disruptions will have trouble obtaining raw
materials. They must have overall risk management and resilience plan.

Launching another item all the while with different providers
makes impressive included complexities that can really build the risk you are
trying to relieve. Changes needs to quickly be made if demands changes suddenly
in the lean supply chain process. Leaner supply chains are more susceptible to


4.c. Describe
the concept “Value added services”

Value Added Services (VAS) is the addition of different
features that can be added in the core usage of an organization. It can provide
operational or administrative functions in a wide range. It is meant to benefit
both service providers and customers. They not only can benefit from the users
but as an aspect of business or data analytics use. It can increase the base
value of the product for example by giving free customer support or software
while buying new laptops. These kind of things attracts the customer and gives
competitive advantage in the market place.


4.d. What is the
importance given in the article to the concept of “quantifying”?

The concept of “Quantifying” in the article relates to the
time when the companies knew that there are opportunities to make changes to
reduce costs and cycle times but are not aware how much benefit those logistic changes
will provide. Thus, to make the senior management understand about those benefits,
they must have to understand the concept of Quantify.  


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